The Agile Manifesto

The Agile Manifesto was written in February of 2001, at a summit of seventeen independent-minded practitioners of several programming methodologies. The participants didn't agree about much, but they found consensus around four main values.  

Supplementing the Manifesto, the Twelve Principles further explicate what it is to be Agile.


The Manifesto for Agile Software Development

We are uncovering better ways of developing software by doing it and helping others do it.
Through this work we have come to value:

  • Individuals and interactions over processes and tools
  • Working software over comprehensive documentation
  • Customer collaboration over contract negotiation
  • Responding to change over following a plan

That is, while there is value in the items on the right, we value the items on the left more.


Kent Beck
Mike Beedle
Arie van Bennekum
Alistair Cockburn
Ward Cunningham
Martin Fowler
James Grenning
Jim Highsmith
Andrew Hunt
Ron Jeffries
Jon Kern
Brian Marick
Robert C. Martin
Steve Mellor
Ken Schwaber
Jeff Sutherland
Dave Thomas

© 2001, the above authors
This declaration may be freely copied in any form,
but only in its entirety through this notice.

As of this writing, the Manifesto and Principles are officially available in over 40 languages, including English, and more language translations are under development. This is the work of the Alliance's Agile Manifesto Translation Program. Find these translations at http://www.agilemanifesto.org.